ProjectsCollaborative Environments
Task Collaboration Virtual Wall Media Reviewer Video in Sync Annotations


Annotations (ONR) - Disaster Management

  Keywords: Annotations, Information Movement, Memory, Attention, Organization, Consensus-making, Library Text, Digital Text  

Our interest in annotations stems from the communicative and cognitive importance of these tools – as aids in information movement, memory, attention, and organization, to name a few.

At this moment, our project encompasses a number of smaller interests.

We are interested in observing how a group of people come to a consensus in an emergency situation. Specifically, we’d like to know how they use annotations in their interactions, organization, and implementation of emergency plans.

Annotation project
We are using this to get a better idea of the range and possibilities of annotations and other possible conceptualizations.


Project Website

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Literary Text Annotations

A Literary Text Annotation made by an actor in a script Color coding denotes lines (green), stage notes (yellow) and other, such as lines of other characters (no color).

Comments, such as “slow” and crossed out lines are products of the rehearsals, when the actor is still “on book” and needs reminders of pauses, pacing, and tone. (The Sneeze, by Anton Chekov)



Annotations of Text Internal to Original Text
Figures in the text as annotations
Book titles as annotations.


Digital Text Displays
Chatting over a document using Anchored Conversations. Chat windows are anchored into word processor documents. Anchor points are represented as pushpins.
The experimental interface


Dance Annotations
Rehearsals for the studio occur in this space. Dancers claim to use physical structures of the space, such as vertical lines of the mirror, as guides in learning a routine. The beat of the music also provides an internal representation in its absence as the dancers continue to hum and remember it.
The choreographer cross-references video recordings of rehearsals with written notes. Modifications made to her notes include sketches of the space of a scene, and symbols and key words representing movements.


Annotations of Prostheses
The orthopedist annotated this mold of a polio patient’s right leg to represent areas from which to refrain from filing. This mold goes on with a form to a fabricator. The shape and markings on the mold, with the form, allow the fabricator to create a custom-made brace from patient-specific physical information.
The fabricator is preparing a mold to fit an orthotic brace, filing it to a shape similar to the patient’s leg. He is also providing information on where the orthosis should apply pressure for support, considering the texture of flesh at different points. The ink of the pen is well suited for deep penetration into the mold, avoiding loss of information through filing.
  Project Team  
David Kirsh
(202) 623-3624
Office: CSB173
Aaron Cicourel
(858) 534-6958
Office: CSB 150
Thomas Rebotier
(858) 822-2475
Office: CSB151
 Dan Bauer
Nicole Peterson